2016 Overall Rankings
Total ODA commitments by DAC donors have increased by 6.3% in 2016 (to 184,442 billion USD), compared to 2015 (173,531 billion USD).
Gross disbursements have increased by 11.2% in 2016 (to 176,592 billion USD) compared to 2015 (158,803 USD).
In 2016, Germany joined five other countries – Denmark, Luxembourg, Norway, Sweden and the UK – in meeting the long-pledged commitment to allocate 0.7% of Gross National Income (GNI) to ODA. The Netherlands slipped below 0.7% to join 22 other donors under the threshold.
Only six OECD DAC countries have met the long-pledged commitment to allocate 0.7% of Gross National Income (GNI) to ODA: Denmark, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom.
Although the total OECD DAC ODA level was the highest recorded, as a share of GNI it only represents 0.30%, on par with its 2013 and 2014 levels.
Spending On Refugees As Part Of Increased ODA
In 2016, the amount of ODA allocated to cover refugee costs in donor countries rose to unprecedented levels,from just 6 in 2014 and 12 in 2015 to 16 billion USD. This represents almost 8.6% of total ODA spent in 2016 – and 15.3% if one only considers EU DAC donors (Member States and Institutions). If ‘in-donor refugee costs’ are excluded, the overall increase in ODA commitments between 2015 and
2016 falls from 9.6% to 4.5%.
While only three countries (Australia, Korea, and Luxembourg) do not count ‘in-donor refugee costs’ as ODA, another thirteen countries spent more than a tenth of their ODA commitments for this purpose; Greece spent 39.8% of its total ODA commitments on this, followed by Austria (34.4%), Italy (33%), Iceland (26.7%), Switzerland (26.1%), Germany (23%), Denmark (18.4%), Sweden (17.4%) Belgium (17.2%), Norway (16.8%), Finland (14.4%), The Netherlands (11.2%) and Slovenia (10.1%).
Ranking RMNCH Commitments
The total volume of RMNCH commitments from the 30 DAC donors for 2016 was 12 billion USD, increased by 12.4% compared to 2015. The US was by far the biggest donor in terms of ODA commitments to RMNCH, totalling 6.28 billion USD, having committed as much as all the other donors combined. The US’commitments are over six times the UK’s commitments, which was the second largest contributor of ODA to RMNCH in 2016, and well above the combined commitments to RMNCH of the 20 EU DAC donors (Member States and Institutions), which together contributed 4 billion USD that year.
When RMNCH commitments are assessed as a share of ODA, Norway tops the ranking, with over 17.6%, slightly ahead of the US with 17.3% and The Netherlands with 13.4% of their ODA dedicated to RMNCH. Moreover, some of the largest donors, like the EU Institutions, Germany and Japan – which score 5th, 6th, and 8th respectively in absolute numbers – fall to the bottom half of the ranking – 16th, 18th and 19th respectively.
Ranking RMNCH Disbursements
The total volume of RMNCH disbursements from the 30 DAC donors for 2016 was 12 billion USD. Once again, the US was by far the leading donor in RMNCH, amounting to nearly half (6 billion USD) of the total disbursements for RMNCH. This is more than three times the UK’s disbursements (2 billion USD), which was the second largest donor, and well over the combined disbursements to RMNCH of the 20 EU DAC donors (Member States and Institutions), which together spent a total of 4 billion USD in 2016. While the absolute figures of ODA to RMNCH from donors like Germany, the EU Institutions, Japan and France are among the top, when compared to their total ODA figures, the picture changes dramatically; they move to the lower half of the ranking, 20th, 17th, 19th, and 15th respectively. On the contrary, the US, the UK, Canada, The Netherlands, Norway, as well as smaller donors such as Luxembourg, have the largest shares of their ODA dedicated to RMNCH.
“The US contribution to RMNCH is more than three times the UK’s disbursements, the second donor, while Canada consolidates its champion position in percentage of ODA.”
Ranking FP Commitments
In 2016, the US ranked first for total FP commitments (2 billion USD), increasing by 10% compared to 2015 and ranked second place for commitments to FP as part of its ODA, right behind the Netherlands. Two other donors emerge as champions when we take into account their FP commitments as part of their ODA: Luxembourg and Sweden. Several donors more than doubled their commitments to FP compared to the previous years: Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and the EU Institutions. However, donors with large ODA and FP volumes of commitments, such as Japan, Germany, France, and the EU Institutions, score significantly lower when their volumes of FP commitments are assessed relative to their total ODA.
NB: Disbursements for one given year cannot always be linked with the commitments made during that year; considerable discrepancies for a few countries occur – see annex on methodology. For this reason, this report presents both data sets, although showing similar trends this year.
“For the first time, the US is not the leading donor to FP as percentage of ODA. Several European donors have more than doubled their commitments to FP compared to 2015.”
Ranking FP Disbursements
In 2016, the disbursements to FP have decreased by 5% compared to 2015. The US and the UK had the largest FP disbursement, well ahead of the other 28 donors. However, Luxembourg, doubled its FP disbursements compared to 2015 and is now the leading FP donor relative to total ODA (2.7%). Canada, Norway, New Zealand, Korea, Ireland and Finland also score significantly high in the share of ODA. Spain also doubled its disbursements to FP compared to the previous year but stays at the bottom of the ranking for FP as share of ODA. The EU donors including Germany (18th) and the EU Institutions (19th) scored poorly when amount disbursed are compared to ODA level.
“In 2016, Luxembourg ranks first in percentage of ODA disbursed to FP, while other donors with large gross disbursements such as Germany and the EU Institutions fall in the ranking.”
Europe’s Share In ODA, RMNCH, FP Commitments And Gross Disbursements
In 2016, EU DAC donors (Member-States and Institutions) represent more than half (57%) of the DAC donors ODA commitments. If we add Norway, Switzerland, and Iceland, then the region’s share surpasses 60%, while the US follows with 19.6%.
The picture is radically different when we look at RMNCH and FP commitments, where the US represents 50.4% and 60.6% of the total RMNCH and FP commitments respectively.
Compared to 2015, in 2016 the EU DAC donors slightly increased their commitments to RMNCH and FP, representing 31.8% of RMNCH commitments and 29.8% of FP commitments.
The decision that the US administration has taken towards FP and sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) is expected to significantly change these conclusions in upcoming years, be it in terms of global contributions to these sectors or respective shares.